J Biol Chem 2006,
Ohmae, Shogo; Takemoto-Kimura, Sayaka; Okamura, Michiko; Adachi-Morishima, Aki; Nonaka, Mio; Fuse, Toshimitsu; Kida, Satoshi; Tanji, Masahiro; Furuyashiki, Tomoyuki; Arakawa, Yoshiki; Narumiya, Shuh; Okuno, Hiroyuki; Bito, Haruhiko
Despite the critical importance of Ca(2+)/calmodulin (CaM)-dependent protein kinase (CaMK) II signaling in neuroplasticity, only a limited amount of work has so far been available regarding the presence and significance of another predominant CaMK subfamily, the CaMKI/CaMKIV family, in the central nervous system. We here searched for kinases with a core catalytic structure similar to CaMKI and CaMKIV. We isolated full-length cDNAs encoding three mouse CaMKI/CaMKIV-related kinases, CLICK-I (CL1)/doublecortin and CaM kinase-Like (DCAMKL)1, CLICK-II (CL2)/DCAMKL2, and CLICK-I,II-related (CLr)/DCAMKL3, the kinase domains of which had an intermediate homology not only to CaMKI/CaMKIV but also to CaMKII. Furthermore, CL1, CL2, and CLr were highly expressed in the central nervous system, in a neuron-specific fashion. CL1alpha and CL1beta were shorter isoforms of DCAMKL1, which lacked the doublecortin-like domain (Dx). In contrast, CL2alpha and CL2beta contained a full N-terminal Dx, whereas CLr only possessed a partial and dysfunctional Dx. Interestingly, despite a large similarity in the kinase domain, CL1/CL2/CLr had an impact on CRE-dependent gene expression distinct from that of the related CaMKI/CaMKIV and CaMKII. Although these were previously shown to activate Ca(2+)/cAMP-response element-binding protein (CREB)-dependent transcription, we here show that CL1 and CL2 were unable to significantly phosphorylate CREB Ser-133 and rather inhibited CRE-dependent gene expression by a dominant mechanism that bypassed CREB and was mediated by phosphorylated TORC2.
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TORC2 → CREB: " Although these were previously shown to activate Ca ( 2+ ) /cAMP-response element binding protein ( CREB ) -dependent transcription, we here show that CL1 and CL2 were unable to significantly phosphorylate CREB Ser-133 and rather inhibited CRE dependent gene expression by a dominant mechanism that bypassed CREB
and was mediated
by phosphorylated TORC2
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