Gene interactions and pathways from curated databases and text-mining
J Cardiovasc Pharmacol 2006, PMID: 16775502

In human endothelial cells amino acids inhibit insulin-induced Akt and ERK1/2 phosphorylation by an mTOR-dependent mechanism.

Pellegatta, Fabio; Catapano, Alberico Luigi; Luzi, Livio; Terruzzi, Ileana

In several cellular systems, amino acids synergize with insulin in promoting protein synthesis through the activation of the protein kinases p70/S6-K and PHAS-1. Such activations are mediated by the upstream kinase: mammalian target of rapamycin (mTor). In this work we have investigated the intracellular pathways involved in insulin-induced and amino acid-induced p70/S6-K activations in human endothelial cells. In human umbilical vein endothelial cells, insulin induces the phosphorylation of p70/S6-K at 5 minutes decreasing thereafter, whereas amino acids alone or associated with insulin phosphorylate p70/S6-K at all the time points analyzed (60 minutes). Insulin and amino acids phosphorylate p70/S6-K by mTor-dependent and phosphotidylinositol 3-kinase-dependent mechanisms, whereas the mitogen-activated protein kinase pathway is involved only when p70/S6-K is activated by insulin. Insulin induces the phosphorylation of Akt and extracellular signal-regulated protein kinase (ERK) 1/2, whereas amino acids did not. Moreover, amino acids suppress the phosphorylations induced by insulin. The inhibitory effects of amino acids are reverted by the mTor inhibitor rapamycin. Insulin-induced phosphorylation of Akt (at 15 and 30 minutes) is not accompanied by the phosphorylation of the downstream kinase p70/S6-K, indicating the existence of a negative feedback at this level. Our data demonstrate that at the level of human endothelial cells, amino acids synergize with insulin in the phosphorylation of the kinase that lies downstream mTor, as p70/S6-K, whereas they inhibit the upstream kinases Akt and extracellular signal-regulated protein kinase 1/2 when activated by insulin, by an mTor-dependent mechanism.

Document information provided by NCBI PubMed

Text Mining Data

ERK1/2 → insulin: " In human endothelial cells amino acids inhibit insulin induced Akt and ERK1/2 phosphorylation by an mTOR dependent mechanism "

Akt → insulin: " In human endothelial cells amino acids inhibit insulin induced Akt and ERK1/2 phosphorylation by an mTOR dependent mechanism "

p70/S6-K → insulin: " In this work we have investigated the intracellular pathways involved in insulin induced and amino acid induced p70/S6-K activations in human endothelial cells "

p70/S6-K → insulin: " Insulin and amino acids phosphorylate p70/S6-K by mTor dependent and phosphotidylinositol 3-kinase dependent mechanisms, whereas the mitogen activated protein kinase pathway is involved only when p70/S6-K is activated by insulin "

Akt → Insulin: " Insulin induces the phosphorylation of Akt and extracellular signal regulated protein kinase ( ERK ) 1/2, whereas amino acids did not "

Akt → Insulin: " Insulin induced phosphorylation of Akt ( at 15 and 30 minutes ) is not accompanied by the phosphorylation of the downstream kinase p70/S6-K, indicating the existence of a negative feedback at this level "

Manually curated Databases

No curated data.