Gene interactions and pathways from curated databases and text-mining
J Biol Chem 2006, PMID: 17043358

Association of focal adhesion kinase with tuberous sclerosis complex 2 in the regulation of s6 kinase activation and cell growth.

Gan, Boyi; Yoo, Youngdong; Guan, Jun-Lin

Tuberous sclerosis complex 1 (TSC1) and TSC2 tumor suppressor proteins have been shown to negatively regulate cell growth through inhibition of the mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) pathway. Focal adhesion kinase (FAK) is a cytoplasmic tyrosine kinase that plays a critical role in integrin signaling. Here we identify a novel interaction between FAK and TSC2 and show that TSC2 is phosphorylated by FAK. Furthermore, we show that overexpression of FAK kinase dead mutant inhibits the phosphorylation of ribosomal S6 kinase (S6K) and eukaryotic initiation factor 4E-binding protein-1, two key mTOR (mammalian target of rapamycin) downstream targets, and negatively regulates the cell size and that FAK regulation of S6K phosphorylation is through TSC2. Finally, we provide data that FAK plays a positive role in cell adhesion-induced S6K phosphorylation, whereas TSC2 is required for cell suspension-induced S6K inactivation. Together, these results suggest that FAK might regulate S6K activation and cell size through its interaction with and phosphorylation of TSC2 and also provide a previously unappreciated role of TSC2 in the regulation of mTOR signaling by cell adhesion.

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Text Mining Data

mTOR signaling ⊣ TSC2: " Together, these results suggest that FAK might regulate S6K activation and cell size through its interaction with and phosphorylation of TSC2 and also provide a previously unappreciated role of TSC2 in the regulation of mTOR signaling by cell adhesion "

Manually curated Databases

  • IRef Biogrid Interaction: PTK2 — TSC1 (physical association, affinity chromatography technology)
  • IRef Biogrid Interaction: TSC2 — PTK2 (direct interaction, pull down)
  • IRef Biogrid Interaction: TSC2 — PTK2 (physical association, affinity chromatography technology)
  • IRef Hprd Interaction: PTK2 — TSC2 (in vivo)
  • IRef Hprd Interaction: Complex of PTK2-TSC2-TSC1-TSC1-PTK2-TSC2-TSC1-TSC2-PTK2 (in vivo)
In total, 3 gene pairs are associated to this article in curated databases