Gene interactions and pathways from curated databases and text-mining
Cardiovasc Res 2007, PMID: 17553476

Glucose phosphorylation is required for insulin-dependent mTOR signalling in the heart.

Sharma, Saumya; Guthrie, Patrick H; Chan, Suzanne S; Haq, Syed; Taegtmeyer, Heinrich

OBJECTIVE

Insulin regulates both glucose uptake and postnatal cardiac growth. The anabolic effects of insulin are mediated by the mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR), an evolutionarily conserved kinase which is also a convergence point between nutrient sensing and cell growth. We postulated that mTOR signalling in the heart requires the metabolism of glucose.

METHODS

We interrogated the insulin-mediated mTOR signalling pathway in response to different metabolic interventions regulating substrate metabolism in the isolated working rat heart and in isolated cardiomyocytes.

RESULTS

Although insulin enhanced Akt activity, phosphorylation of mTOR and its downstream targets (p70S6K and 4EBP1) required the addition of glucose. Glucose-dependent p70S6K phosphorylation was independent of the hexosamine biosynthetic pathway, the AMP kinase pathway, and the pentose phosphate pathway. However, inhibition of glycolysis downstream of hexokinase markedly enhanced p70S6K phosphorylation. Furthermore, 2-deoxyglucose activated p70S6K suggesting that phosphorylation of glucose is required for carbohydrate-mediated mTOR signalling in the heart. Lastly, we also found enhanced p70S6K phosphorylation in the hearts of diabetic rats.

CONCLUSIONS

Phosphorylation of glucose is necessary for insulin-dependent mTOR activity in the heart, suggesting a link between intermediary metabolism and cardiac growth.

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Text Mining Data

mTOR → insulin: " Glucose phosphorylation is required for insulin dependent mTOR signalling in the heart "

mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) → insulin: " The anabolic effects of insulin are mediated by the mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) , an evolutionarily conserved kinase which is also a convergence point between nutrient sensing and cell growth "

Akt → insulin: " Although insulin enhanced Akt activity, phosphorylation of mTOR and its downstream targets ( p70S6K and 4EBP1 ) required the addition of glucose "

p70S6K ⊣ hexokinase: " However, inhibition of glycolysis downstream of hexokinase markedly enhanced p70S6K phosphorylation "

mTOR → insulin: " Phosphorylation of glucose is necessary for insulin dependent mTOR activity in the heart, suggesting a link between intermediary metabolism and cardiac growth "

Manually curated Databases

No curated data.