Gene interactions and pathways from curated databases and text-mining
Am J Physiol Lung Cell Mol Physiol 2007, PMID: 17693481

Angiogenesis is induced by airway smooth muscle strain.

Hasaneen, Nadia A; Zucker, Stanley; Lin, Richard Z; Vaday, Gayle G; Panettieri, Reynold A; Foda, Hussein D

Angiogenesis is an important feature of airway remodeling in both chronic asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Airways in those conditions are exposed to excessive mechanical strain during periods of acute exacerbations. We recently reported that mechanical strain of human airway smooth muscle (HASM) led to an increase in their proliferation and migration. Sustained growth in airway smooth muscle in vivo requires an increase in the nutritional supply to these muscles, hence angiogenesis. In this study, we examined the hypothesis that cyclic mechanical strain of HASM produces factors promoting angiogenic events in the surrounding vascular endothelial cells. Our results show: 1) a significant increase in human lung microvascular endothelial cell (HMVEC-L) proliferation, migration, and tube formation following incubation in conditioned media (CM) from HASM cells exposed to mechanical strain; 2) mechanical strain of HASM cells induced VEGF expression and release; 3) VEGF neutralizing antibodies inhibited the proliferation, migration, and tube formations of HMVEC-L induced by the strained airway smooth muscle CM; 4) mechanical strain of HASM induced a significant increase in hypoxia-inducible factor-1alpha (HIF-1alpha) mRNA and protein, a transcription factor required for VEGF gene transcription; and 5) mechanical strain of HASM induced HIF-1alpha/VEGF through dual phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)/Akt/mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) and ERK pathways. In conclusion, exposing HASM cells to mechanical strain induces signal transduction pathway through PI3K/Akt/mTOR and ERK pathways that lead to an increase in HIF-1alpha, a transcription factor required for VEGF expression. VEGF release by mechanical strain of HASM may contribute to the angiogenesis seen with repeated exacerbation of asthma and COPD.

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Text Mining Data

VEGF → HIF-1alpha/VEGF: " Our results show : 1 ) a significant increase in human lung microvascular endothelial cell ( HMVEC-L ) proliferation, migration, and tube formation following incubation in conditioned media ( CM ) from HASM cells exposed to mechanical strain ; 2 ) mechanical strain of HASM cells induced VEGF expression and release ; 3 ) VEGF neutralizing antibodies inhibited the proliferation, migration, and tube formations of HMVEC-L induced by the strained airway smooth muscle CM ; 4 ) mechanical strain of HASM induced a significant increase in hypoxia-inducible factor-1alpha ( HIF-1alpha ) mRNA and protein, a transcription factor required for VEGF gene transcription ; and 5 ) mechanical strain of HASM induced HIF-1alpha/VEGF through dual phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)/Akt/mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) and ERK pathways "

(PI3K)/Akt/mammalian → HIF-1alpha/VEGF: " Our results show : 1 ) a significant increase in human lung microvascular endothelial cell ( HMVEC-L ) proliferation, migration, and tube formation following incubation in conditioned media ( CM ) from HASM cells exposed to mechanical strain ; 2 ) mechanical strain of HASM cells induced VEGF expression and release ; 3 ) VEGF neutralizing antibodies inhibited the proliferation, migration, and tube formations of HMVEC-L induced by the strained airway smooth muscle CM ; 4 ) mechanical strain of HASM induced a significant increase in hypoxia-inducible factor-1alpha ( HIF-1alpha ) mRNA and protein, a transcription factor required for VEGF gene transcription ; and 5 ) mechanical strain of HASM induced HIF-1alpha/VEGF through dual phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)/Akt/mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) and ERK pathways "

(PI3K)/Akt/mammalian → HIF-1alpha/VEGF: " Our results show : 1 ) a significant increase in human lung microvascular endothelial cell ( HMVEC-L ) proliferation, migration, and tube formation following incubation in conditioned media ( CM ) from HASM cells exposed to mechanical strain ; 2 ) mechanical strain of HASM cells induced VEGF expression and release ; 3 ) VEGF neutralizing antibodies inhibited the proliferation, migration, and tube formations of HMVEC-L induced by the strained airway smooth muscle CM ; 4 ) mechanical strain of HASM induced a significant increase in hypoxia-inducible factor-1alpha ( HIF-1alpha ) mRNA and protein, a transcription factor required for VEGF gene transcription ; and 5 ) mechanical strain of HASM induced HIF-1alpha/VEGF through dual phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)/Akt/mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) and ERK pathways "

(PI3K)/Akt/mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) → HIF-1alpha/VEGF: " Our results show : 1 ) a significant increase in human lung microvascular endothelial cell ( HMVEC-L ) proliferation, migration, and tube formation following incubation in conditioned media ( CM ) from HASM cells exposed to mechanical strain ; 2 ) mechanical strain of HASM cells induced VEGF expression and release ; 3 ) VEGF neutralizing antibodies inhibited the proliferation, migration, and tube formations of HMVEC-L induced by the strained airway smooth muscle CM ; 4 ) mechanical strain of HASM induced a significant increase in hypoxia-inducible factor-1alpha ( HIF-1alpha ) mRNA and protein, a transcription factor required for VEGF gene transcription ; and 5 ) mechanical strain of HASM induced HIF-1alpha/VEGF through dual phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)/Akt/mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) and ERK pathways "

(PI3K)/Akt/mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) → HIF-1alpha/VEGF: " Our results show : 1 ) a significant increase in human lung microvascular endothelial cell ( HMVEC-L ) proliferation, migration, and tube formation following incubation in conditioned media ( CM ) from HASM cells exposed to mechanical strain ; 2 ) mechanical strain of HASM cells induced VEGF expression and release ; 3 ) VEGF neutralizing antibodies inhibited the proliferation, migration, and tube formations of HMVEC-L induced by the strained airway smooth muscle CM ; 4 ) mechanical strain of HASM induced a significant increase in hypoxia-inducible factor-1alpha ( HIF-1alpha ) mRNA and protein, a transcription factor required for VEGF gene transcription ; and 5 ) mechanical strain of HASM induced HIF-1alpha/VEGF through dual phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)/Akt/mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) and ERK pathways "

phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)/Akt/mammalian → HIF-1alpha/VEGF: " Our results show : 1 ) a significant increase in human lung microvascular endothelial cell ( HMVEC-L ) proliferation, migration, and tube formation following incubation in conditioned media ( CM ) from HASM cells exposed to mechanical strain ; 2 ) mechanical strain of HASM cells induced VEGF expression and release ; 3 ) VEGF neutralizing antibodies inhibited the proliferation, migration, and tube formations of HMVEC-L induced by the strained airway smooth muscle CM ; 4 ) mechanical strain of HASM induced a significant increase in hypoxia-inducible factor-1alpha ( HIF-1alpha ) mRNA and protein, a transcription factor required for VEGF gene transcription ; and 5 ) mechanical strain of HASM induced HIF-1alpha/VEGF through dual phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)/Akt/mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) and ERK pathways "

phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)/Akt/mammalian → HIF-1alpha/VEGF: " Our results show : 1 ) a significant increase in human lung microvascular endothelial cell ( HMVEC-L ) proliferation, migration, and tube formation following incubation in conditioned media ( CM ) from HASM cells exposed to mechanical strain ; 2 ) mechanical strain of HASM cells induced VEGF expression and release ; 3 ) VEGF neutralizing antibodies inhibited the proliferation, migration, and tube formations of HMVEC-L induced by the strained airway smooth muscle CM ; 4 ) mechanical strain of HASM induced a significant increase in hypoxia-inducible factor-1alpha ( HIF-1alpha ) mRNA and protein, a transcription factor required for VEGF gene transcription ; and 5 ) mechanical strain of HASM induced HIF-1alpha/VEGF through dual phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)/Akt/mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) and ERK pathways "

Manually curated Databases

No curated data.