Gene interactions and pathways from curated databases and text-mining
Domest Anim Endocrinol 2010, PMID: 20163929

IGF-1 stimulates protein synthesis by enhanced signaling through mTORC1 in bovine mammary epithelial cells.

Burgos, S A; Cant, J P

Using the MAC-T cell line as a model, the effects of insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-1 on the regulation of protein synthesis through the mammalian target of rapamycin complex 1 (mTORC1) signaling in bovine mammary epithelial cells were evaluated. Global rates of protein synthesis increased by 47% within 30 min of IGF-1 treatment. The effect of IGF-1 on protein synthesis was associated with enhanced association of the eukaryotic initiation factor (eIF) 4E with eIF4G and a concomitant reduction of eIF4E association with eIF4E-binding protein-1 (4E-BP1). There was a progressive increase in the phosphorylation state of ribosomal protein S6 kinase-1, a downstream target of mTORC1 in response to IGF-1. In addition, IGF-1 stimulated mTORC1 kinase activity toward 4E-BP1 in vitro. Phosphorylation on Ser473 of Akt was induced by IGF-1 within 5 min and remained elevated throughout a 30-min time course. The effect of IGF-1 on Akt phosphorylation was also concentration dependent. Activation of Akt by IGF-1 led to increased phosphorylation of tuberous sclerosis complex 2 on Thr1426, without any change in its association with tuberous sclerosis complex 1. Phosphorylation of proline-rich Akt substrate of 40-kDa (PRAS40) at Thr246 was stimulated by IGF-1. The amount of PRAS40 associated with mTORC1 decreased in response to IGF-1, and PRAS40 binding to mTORC1 was inversely related to its phosphorylation level. Overall, these results suggest that activation of the PI3K-Akt pathway by IGF-1 stimulated global protein synthesis in bovine mammary epithelial cells through changes in the phosphorylation and association state of components of the mTORC1 signaling pathway.

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Text Mining Data

mTORC1 → IGF-1: " In addition, IGF-1 stimulated mTORC1 kinase activity toward 4E-BP1 in vitro "

Akt → IGF-1: " Phosphorylation on Ser473 of Akt was induced by IGF-1 within 5 min and remained elevated throughout a 30-min time course "

Akt — IGF-1: " The effect of IGF-1 on Akt phosphorylation was also concentration dependent "

Akt → IGF-1: " Activation of Akt by IGF-1 led to increased phosphorylation of tuberous sclerosis complex 2 on Thr1426, without any change in its association with tuberous sclerosis complex 1 "

Manually curated Databases

No curated data.