- Genome Browser
- My Data
- About Us
OBJECTIVEThe mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) plays a pivotal role in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Previous studies indicated that inhibition of mTORC1 enhanced histone deacetylase inhibitors (HDACis)-mediated anti-tumor activity, accompanied with feedback activation of AKT. Therefore, dual targeting of mTORC1/C2 should be more efficient in suppressing AKT activity and in enhancing the anti-tumor activity of HDACi in HCC.
METHODSThe interactions between mTOR kinase inhibitors (mTORKis) (i.e., Pp242, AZD8055, OSI027) and HDACis (i.e., SAHA, LBH589) were examined in vitro using HCC cell lines and in vivo using patient-derived primary HCC xenografts on SCID mice.
RESULTSmTORKis significantly enhanced HDACi-induced apoptosis in HCC cells. The inhibition of both mTORC1/2 not only efficiently blocked mTORC1 signaling, but also abrogated AKT-feedback activation caused by selective mTORC1 inhibition. The co-treatment of mTORKi and HDACi further inhibited AKT signaling and upregulated Bim. Dysfunction of mTORC2 by shRNA significantly lowered the threshold of HDACi-induced cytotoxicity by abrogating AKT activation. Knockdown of AKT1 sensitized Pp242/HDACi-induced apoptosis and ectopic expression of constitutively active AKT1 abrogated the combination-induced cytotoxicity, indicating AKT plays a vital role in the combination-induced effects. Knockdown of Bim prevented Pp242/HDACis-induced cytotoxicity in HCC. Lastly, in vivo studies indicated that the combination of AZD8055 and SAHA almost completely inhibited tumor-growth, without obvious adverse effects, by abrogating AKT and upregulating Bim; while either agent alone shows only 30% inhibition in primary HCC xenografts.
CONCLUSIONSOur findings suggest that a combining-regimen of mTORKi and HDACi may be an effective therapeutic strategy for HCC.