Gene interactions and pathways from curated databases and text-mining
Biochem J 2000, PMID: 11042116

Activation of protein kinase B/cAkt in hepatocytes is sufficient for the induction of expression of the gene encoding glucokinase.

Iynedjian, P B; Roth, R A; Fleischmann, M; Gjinovci, A

Inhibitors of signalling pathways were used to dissect the mechanism of insulin action on expression of the gene encoding glucokinase in cultured rat hepatocytes. Wortmannin and LY 294002 completely prevented the insulin-induced increase in glucokinase mRNA seen in unhibited cells, indicating that the phosphoinositide 3-kinase module has a key role. A ligand inducible protein kinase B (PKB, also termed cAkt) fusion protein was expressed by using adenoviral transduction of hepatocytes in primary culture. The PKB activity of this protein was shown to be activated in transduced hepatocytes within 30 min of the addition of 4-hydroxytamoxifen and to stay high for 8 h, as a result of serine phosphorylation at position 473 of PKB. The increase in PKB activity was reflected in the hyperphosphorylation of phosphorylated, heat and acid stable regulated by insulin protein (PHAS-I; also termed 4E-BP1, for eukaryotic initiation factor 4E-binding protein 1), a protein involved in the regulation of translation initiation. These effects were comparable to the insulin-induced activation of endogenous PKB and phosphorylation of PHAS-I in non-transduced hepatocytes. The addition of tamoxifen to transduced hepatocytes resulted in an induction of glucokinase mRNA with kinetics and magnitude similar to those of insulin-induced mRNA accumulation. The effect of tamoxifen depended on stimulated PKB activity because it did not occur in hepatocytes that were transduced with a mutant PKB fusion protein that was refractory to activation with tamoxifen. These results establish that acute activation of PKB is sufficient to produce an insulin-like induction of glucokinase in isolated hepatocytes. Together with the inhibition by phosphoinositide 3-kinase inhibitors, they suggest that the activation of PKB might be critical in mediating the induction of glucokinase by insulin. In addition, experiments showed that PD98059 decreased by half the increase in glucokinase mRNA brought about by insulin, suggesting a contributory role of the mitogen-activated protein kinase cascade.

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Text Mining Data

glucokinase → protein kinase B/cAkt: " Activation of protein kinase B/cAkt in hepatocytes is sufficient for the induction of expression of the gene encoding glucokinase "

PHAS-I → insulin: " These effects were comparable to the insulin induced activation of endogenous PKB and phosphorylation of PHAS-I in non transduced hepatocytes "

PKB → insulin: " These effects were comparable to the insulin induced activation of endogenous PKB and phosphorylation of PHAS-I in non transduced hepatocytes "

glucokinase → PKB: " These results establish that acute activation of PKB is sufficient to produce an insulin-like induction of glucokinase in isolated hepatocytes "

glucokinase → insulin: " Together with the inhibition by phosphoinositide 3-kinase inhibitors, they suggest that the activation of PKB might be critical in mediating the induction of glucokinase by insulin "

Manually curated Databases

No curated data.