Han, E K-H; Leverson, J D; McGonigal, T; Shah, O J; Woods, K W; Hunter, T; Giranda, V L; Luo, Y
Rapamycin, a natural product inhibitor of the Raptor-mammalian target of rapamycin complex (mTORC1), is known to induce Protein kinase B (Akt/PKB) Ser-473 phosphorylation in a subset of human cancer cell lines through inactivation of S6K1, stabilization of insulin receptor substrate (IRS)-1, and increased signaling through the insulin/insulin-like growth factor-I/phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K) axis. We report that A-443654, a potent small-molecule inhibitor of Akt serine/threonine kinases, induces Akt Ser-473 phosphorylation in all human cancer cell lines tested, including PTEN- and TSC2-deficient lines. This phenomenon is dose-dependent, manifests coincident with Akt inhibition and likely represents an alternative, rapid-feedback pathway that can be functionally dissociated from mTORC1 inhibition. Experiments performed in TSC2-/- cells indicate that TSC2 and IRS-1 cooperate with, but are dispensable for, A-443654-mediated Akt phosphorylation. This feedback event does require PI3K activity, however, as it can be inhibited by LY294002 or wortmannin. Small interfering RNA-mediated knockdown of mTOR or Rictor, components of the rapamycin-insensitive mTORC2 complex, but not the mTORC1 component Raptor, also inhibited Akt Ser-473 phosphorylation induced by A-443654. Our data thus indicate that Akt phosphorylation and activity are coupled in a manner not previously appreciated and provide a novel mode of Akt regulation that is distinct from the previously described rapamycin-induced IRS-1 stabilization mechanism.
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Text Mining Data
Akt ⊣ Raptor: " Small interfering RNA mediated knockdown of mTOR or Rictor, components of the rapamycin-insensitive mTORC2 complex, but not the mTORC1 component Raptor
, also inhibited Akt
Ser-473 phosphorylation induced by A-443654 "
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