Cancer Res 2010,
Yu, Ker; Shi, Celine; Toral-Barza, Lourdes; Lucas, Judy; Shor, Boris; Kim, Jae Eun; Zhang, Wei-Guo; Mahoney, Robert; Gaydos, Christine; Tardio, Luanna; Kim, Sung Kyoo; Conant, Roger; Curran, Kevin; Kaplan, Joshua; Verheijen, Jeroen; Ayral-Kaloustian, Semiramis; Mansour, Tarek S; Abraham, Robert T; Zask, Arie; Gibbons, James J
The mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) is a major component of the phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K)/AKT signaling pathway that is dysregulated in 50% of all human malignancies. Rapamycin and its analogues (rapalogs) partially inhibit mTOR through allosteric binding to mTOR complex 1 (mTORC1) but not mTOR complex 2 (mTORC2), an emerging player in cancer. Here, we report WYE-125132 (WYE-132), a highly potent, ATP-competitive, and specific mTOR kinase inhibitor (IC(50): 0.19 +/- 0.07 nmol/L; >5,000-fold selective versus PI3Ks). WYE-132 inhibited mTORC1 and mTORC2 in diverse cancer models in vitro and in vivo. Importantly, consistent with genetic ablation of mTORC2, WYE-132 targeted P-AKT(S473) and AKT function without significantly reducing the steady-state level of the PI3K/PDK1 activity biomarker P-AKT(T308), highlighting a prominent and direct regulation of AKT by mTORC2 in cancer cells. Compared with the rapalog temsirolimus/CCI-779, WYE-132 elicited a substantially stronger inhibition of cancer cell growth and survival, protein synthesis, cell size, bioenergetic metabolism, and adaptation to hypoxia. Oral administration of WYE-132 to tumor-bearing mice showed potent single-agent antitumor activity against MDA361 breast, U87MG glioma, A549 and H1975 lung, as well as A498 and 786-O renal tumors. An optimal dose of WYE-132 achieved a substantial regression of MDA361 and A549 large tumors and caused complete regression of A498 large tumors when coadministered with bevacizumab. Our results further validate mTOR as a critical driver for tumor growth, establish WYE-132 as a potent and profound anticancer agent, and provide a strong rationale for clinical development of specific mTOR kinase inhibitors as new cancer therapy.
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Text Mining Data
AKT — mTORC2: " Importantly, consistent with genetic ablation of mTORC2, WYE-132 targeted P-AKT ( S473 ) and AKT function without significantly reducing the steady-state level of the PI3K/PDK1 activity biomarker P-AKT ( T308 ), highlighting a prominent and direct regulation
in cancer cells "
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