Protein & cell 2011,
Lazorchak, Adam S; Su, Bing
Mammalian target of rapamycin complex 2 (mTORC2) is a key downstream mediator of phosphoinositol-3-kinase (PI3K) dependent growth factor signaling. In lymphocytes, mTORC2 has emerged as an important regulator of cell development, homeostasis and immune responses. However, our current understanding of mTORC2 functions and the molecular mechanisms regulating mTORC2 signaling in B and T cells are still largely incomplete. Recent studies have begun to shed light on this important pathway. We have previously reported that mTORC2 mediates growth factor dependent phosphorylation of Akt and facilitates Akt dependent phosphorylation and inactivation of transcription factors FoxO1 and FoxO3a. We have recently explored the functions of mTORC2 in B cells and show that mTORC2 plays a key role in regulating survival and immunoglobulin (Ig) gene recombination of bone marrow B cells through an Akt2-FoxO1 dependent mechanism. Ig recombination is suppressed in proliferating B cells to ensure that DNA double strand breaks are not generated in actively dividing cells. Our results raise the possibility that genetic or pharmacologic inhibition of mTORC2 may promote B cell tumor development as a result of inefficient suppression of Ig recombination in dividing B cells. We also propose a novel strategy to treat cancers based on our recent discovery that mTORC2 regulates Akt protein stability.
Diseases/Pathways annotated by Medline MESH:
Cell Transformation, Neoplastic
Document information provided by NCBI PubMed
Text Mining Data
Akt → mTORC2: " We also propose a novel strategy to treat cancers based on our recent discovery that mTORC2
protein stability "
Manually curated Databases
No curated data.